What is Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP)?
PRP is a concentration of platelets and growth factors in a small amount of plasma. All of the components are obtained from your own blood with no donor blood or tissue used.
How is PRP Obtained?
An aesthetic medicine provider uses the 4S PRP system to remove a small amount of your blood, about the same volume used for a standard laboratory test. The blood is then rapidly spun in a centrifuge to separate the components. The concentrated platelets are added to your plasma, and this preparation is then applied to the area to be treated.
How does PRP Rejuvenate Skin?
Platelets contain a number of growth factors that promote cell division and growth. These factors are released when the platelets are activated. The growth factors present in platelets include:
Fibroblast Growth Factor: This factor is responsible for new blood vessel formation and new epithelial (skin) cell growth.
Keratinocyte Growth Factor: This growth factor encourages the replication, growth, and migration of keratinocyte cells, which creates favorable conditions for skin rejuvenation.
Platelet-Derived Growth Factor: This substance causes reconstructive cells to flood to the injection site. It also encourages the growth of collagen, a vital structural protein.
Transforming Growth Factor: Transforming growth factor causes new blood vessels to form, thereby increasing blood supply to tissues.
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor: This factor encourages new vasculature to grow from existing blood vessels.
How Long is the PRP Process?
The blood draw itself only takes a few minutes. Centrifugation lasts another 10 minutes. The time needed for application depends on the area to be treated and the type of treatment.
How Many Sessions are Needed?
This answer varies according to your unique needs. Your healthcare provider will be able to let you know more.
Is PRP a Safe Procedure?
Yes. Only products derived from your own blood are being used, so there is practically no risk of an allergic reaction.
What are the Side Effects?
Potential side effects are generally mild and include possible irritation, redness, and soreness at the injection site(s). Nerve or blood vessel injury may also occur. There is always a slight risk of infection with any injection procedure.